Criminal Behaviour as a Study and Career
In legal terminology, crime (also known as offence or criminal offence) is a harmful act, which not only poses a threat to an individual, but also to a community, society, or the state at large. Such acts are banned and punishable by law.
The precise definition of criminal offence differs from one country to another, though acts like murder, rape, theft, robbery, sexual, physical and mental assault, and harassment are punishable by the law and authority of the state. Many countries have well-documented criminal codes that include a catalogue of crime for that country.
What Types of Criminal Behaviours are There?
There are three broad models of criminal behaviour: Psychological, Sociological, and Biological.
Psychological — The psychological models of criminal behaviour include everything from Freudian notions to the recent cognitive and social psychological models. According to the psychological approach, the primary unit of analysis in such cases focuses onn the individual himself. Crimes that result from dysfunctional, or inappropriate mental processes fall under the category of psychological criminal behaviour. A diseased mind, disturbed childhood, improper conditioning, and inappropriate learning are often considered the root cause of such criminal acts.
Sociological — Sociological and psychological principles of criminality are somewhat intertwined. A myriad of sociological formulations are the cause and control of psychological criminality. The sociological notions of criminality are triggered by social structures and cultural values imposed by society.
Biological — This kind of behaviour is often triggered by hereditary issues, neurotransmitter dysfunction, brain abnormalities caused by improper development, or trauma. Recently, some major law enforcement techniques have been adopted to address this type of criminal issues a bit differently.
Career Prospects of Studying Criminal Behaviour
From crime Investigator, law enforcement agent, social worker, to prison manager — there are a plethora of career opportunities in this sector. If you are a true admirer of the stars playing investigator’s role in the movie series like ‘True Detective’, or ‘Sherlock Holmes’, a career in criminology is the ideal option for you. To pursue your dream career option, all you need is to choose a degree in criminal law or criminology.
As a profession, criminology is all about the process of understanding criminal behaviour, the motive of crime and its impact on society and victim. No wonder, the field demands a deep knowledge of social sciences, psychology, and in-depth analytical skills along with the technique of scientific application of various evidences to identify the crime and its motive.
At Arium School of Arts & Sciences, Theories of Crime Analysis and Deviance & Social Control are two of our many professional certificates designed to cover all aspects of criminology, where apart from theoretical knowledge students are also taught about the ways of improving critical thinking and research skills.
Arium School of Arts & Sciences offers several diplomas relating to Criminology and Sociology. We offer Theories of Crime Analysis and Deviance & Social Control as Professional Certificates, They are also modules towards our Specialist Diploma in Criminology and Specialist Diploma in Forensic Psychology. Both Specialist Diplomas are suitable for those without degrees, and draws a lot of interest from those working in security related fields. Check out the complete list of the numerous certificate and diploma programmes which ASAS offers here.